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All Posts Tagged: Periodontal Disease

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a common disease and studies show over half of American adults over 30 have some form of it. The name of the disease comes from “peri” which means around, and “dontal” which refers to the teeth. Periodontal disease is the infection of the gums, the cementum that covers the root, the alveolar bone, and the periodontal ligament structures of your mouth. If left untreated periodontal disease can cause the loss of teeth.

Early Stages

Periodontal disease begins as gingivitis and in the early stages affects only the gums. Bacteria in the mouth form a sticky substance known as plaque. This plaque forms not only on the surface of the teeth, but under the gum line. Your body tries to get rid of the plaque by releasing substances that attack the gums. This can lead to inflamed and bleeding gums – gingivitis. If the plaque is not removed it hardens and become tartar. This is a very hard substance and can only be removed by a professional cleaning.

Advanced Cases

Once the gums are affected the inflammation will spread to the other structures in your mouth, particularly under the gum line and into the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone. Left untreated the bacteria form pockets of inflammation and infection which further attack the gums and teeth.  As the infection spreads the pockets get deeper and more damage is done. In very advanced cases periodontal disease can affect your jawbone and cause bone loss and loss of teeth.

Treatment of Periodontal Disease

The only way to treat periodontal disease is by visiting your dentist for treatment. He or she will remove the plaque and damaged tissues on the teeth and under the gum line. This can be done surgically or with a Lanap laser.

With a Lanap laser only the affected tissues are removed. No healthy tissue is removed and your healing time is much faster than with scalpel surgery. Each laser has seven settings which react to a specific type of tissue making the Lanap laser an effective tool in treating periodontal disease.

Don’t suffer any longer with inflamed or bleeding gums. Call or contact Smith and Cole dentistry today and ask about our innovative treatments for periodontal disease and get the smile you deserve.

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