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Your mouth naturally contains bacteria. Bacteria in your mouth produces a substance known as plaque. Plaque is a sticky substance which leads to tooth decay, cavities, and gum disease. If left untreated the plaque hardens and becomes tartar. Professional cleanings are the only way to remove plaque and tartar. Brushing and flossing alone are not enough to remove these substances from your teeth. One reason is the plaque and tartar gets under the gums where your toothbrush and floss can’t reach.

Planing and scaling are aggressive methods used to remove plaque and tartar. During this procedure, the doctor or hygienist gets under the gums and removes plaque and tartar and polishes your teeth. But sometimes this is not enough to treat advanced cases of periodontal disease. Today lasers are used to effectively treat periodontal disease by removing the bacteria and diseased gum tissue.

What is Laser Bacterial Reduction?

Laser bacterial reduction uses lasers passed between the gum and teeth to treat periodontal disease. The laser kills the bacteria and promotes healthy gum regrowth. The bacteria and affected gums are vaporized and new healthy gum tissue grows back. The lasers used are very safe and only treat a very small area at a time.


One of the most common types of laser bacterial reduction is known as laser-assisted new attachment procedure (LANAP). It was developed by Robert H Gregg II and Delwin McCarthy and has been in use since 1994. LANAP is a procedure which gives the doctor a way not only to treat periodontal disease, but to promote healthy gum tissue regrowth. Since the laser only remove diseased tissue, it is a precision method to treat periodontal disease. By removing the diseased tissue, new healthy tissue is agitated and encouraged to reattach to the bone. LANAP is practically pain free and very safe.

After Care

After the laser bacterial reduction procedure your doctor will instruct you on caring for your teeth and gums. An anti-bacterial rinse may be prescribed. You may be on liquids only for 24 hours after the procedure. Light bleeding and slight swelling is normal, but if you develop a fever or have excessive bleeding or pain, be sure to contact the doctor. Avoid chewing on the side you received treatment for at least a week. Don’t be alarmed if your gums change colors, this is a normal part of the healing process.

Call or contact Smith and Cole Dentistry and ask about laser bacterial reduction. This proven and effective therapy can treat periodontal disease and return your gums to health.